Friday, 25 July 2014

Towards Purchase of Land


In an earlier Post, we saw how Organizations (primarily NGOs, but a few GOs as well) receiving foreign funds via FCRA, use that money "judiciously". The summary of that post were
  1. NGOs earn around Rs. 150 Crore p.a. via interest from the amount accruing in the FCRA designated Bank Account 
  2. NGOs earn around Rs. 600 Crore p.a. by way of interest from the amount that they have deposited in Fixed Deposits etc..; assuming a 10% interest (roughly), this would amount to a stack of Rs. 6000 Crore (or US Dollar 1 Billion) deposited by them in Fixed Deposits and 
  3. a significant chunk of funds to mini-NGOs comes from mega-NGOs (or what I call as Control-NGOs) and the total magnitude of such intra-India fund flows is around Rs. 1200 Crore p.a.
In the current Post, we shall examine how much funds do Indian organizations receive via FCRA for the specific purpose of "Purchase of Land". Why should one bother about it? As readers of my twitter TL and of my blog may be aware, a large number of Indian NGOs (although owned/run by Indian citizens) receive their funds predominantly from one or two foreign Organizations. In many instances, these Indian NGOs even have the exact name as their foreign donor; thus, they are effectively branch offices of their foreign-headquartered Organization. Hence, it is imperative that we study the land holdings of such (nominally Indian) NGOs.

How do we calculate this amount? Well, as usual, by studying the FC6 return filed by the Indian NGOs every year with the Ministry of Home Affairs. There are approximately 22000 such returns (one per NGO) filed each year which are available at http://fcraonline.nic.in/fc3_amount.aspx ; I have examined all of them.

Let us learn this process through an example. Consider Jeevan Jyoti Charitable Society (JJCS), Jeevan Jyoti Ashram, Shivpuri, Madhya Pradesh. Its FC6 return for the year 2012-2013 can be found at: http://fcraonline.nic.in/fc3_verify.aspx?RCN=063510004R&by=2012-2013. If you move your cursor down on that FC6 return to Item No. 5, you will see some data which looks like:





There are two parts of donations to this NGO. In Item 5 are Institutional Donors and in Item 6 are listed Individual Donors. The red rectangle shows the money received by JJCS (Rs. 127983) from St. Roberts Church, Indiana, USA towards "Purchase of Land".

Just as we have put a red rectangle around "Purchase of Land" in the FC6 return of JJCS, we shall do likewise in the returns of all the NGOs, wherever this purpose is stated. Let us now add up such amounts of all NGOs located within a specific State. Such a state-wise, year-wise result is shown below:


Table 1: Foreign funds received (via FCRA) by Organizations (NGOs, GOs) located in each State towards the Purchase of Land
State\Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
CRORE






TN 20.634 7.134 8.273 7.826 3.445 7.261 8.266
AP 6.151 9.043 7.020 8.518 8.739 7.377 7.811
KL 3.755 8.172 8.930 4.964 13.025 8.866 8.319
KA 2.246 2.836 3.266 3.395 2.448 1.499 3.587
MH 1.581 0.324 0.528 2.111 0.629 0.456 0.043
MP 0.746 1.240 0.000 1.068 1.258 1.704 0.235
OR 1.169 0.951 0.629 2.416 3.526 5.011 7.005
WB 4.395 10.528 6.665 5.272 2.170 5.405 3.810
DL 1.089 3.420 0.678 15.886 2.339 109.601 163.567
UP 0.454 1.046 2.284 1.656 0.223 0.885 2.113
UK 0.132 0.000 0.570 0.000 0.000 0.207 0.208
HR 0.000 0.000 0.261 0.000 0.278 0.000 0.000
PJ 7.655 3.207 6.928 1.595 2.535 0.309 9.415
RJ 0.110 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.246 0.741 0.086
BH 2.003 0.832 0.916 1.497 3.445 0.423 1.305
HP 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.385
MZ 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
ML 0.391 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.120
MN 0.000 0.000 0.232 1.676 0.225 0.079 0.044
AS 0.058 1.713 0.676 0.146 0.032 0.567 0.103








Total (Crore) 52.568 50.444 47.857 58.028 44.563 150.389 216.422


Remarks
  1. Year after year, around Rs. 50 Crore comes from abroad to purchase land in India
  2. In 2011-12 & 2012-13, the amounts are unusually large, due to increased influx of funds for this activity for an Organization whose FCRA registration is in the Delhi sequence, but which is located in Bangalore. It is called "Indian Society Of Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter Day Saints", #493, Anjali Plaza, C.M.H. Road, Indiranagar, Bangalore, Karnataka - 560038. Their activities in India can be learnt from their website http://lds.org.in/districts-in-india-bangalore-mission . Their FC6 returns for the year 2011 and 2012 are here  and here respectively.
  3. An organization located in a given State need not spend the foreign funds it receives in the same State.

Summary
      The meek shall inherit the Earth. Really?

Update (September 03, 2014)
Due to an error (my mistake) in the URLs used for the downloading of FC-6 returns for Bihar (BH in Table 1 above), all values in rows corresponding to BH were zero, earlier. This error was noticed and has been fixed in the Table now. Consequently, the total amounts in each column have also been updated.

No comments:

Post a Comment