Sunday, 3 August 2014

Fund Magnitudes where Religious Denomination is Specified


If this is the first time you are reading my blog, kindly go through my earlier posts (around a dozen of them). They will introduce you to the world of FCRA, NGOs receiving foreign funds through it etc..

In this post,  let us examine another aspect of foreign funding to Organizations registered under FCRA. In order to proceed further, we need to understand an item in the FC6 return. We shall learn this through a few example (or, sample) FC6 returns. Let us see snippets from FC6 returns of three Organizations:


Figure 1: FC6 return of Anbarin Oozhaim, NO. 40 S.P.K. Street, Wooraiyur,
Tiruchirappalli (Dist), Tamil Nadu - 620003






Figure 2: FC6 return of Operation Mobilisation India, Logos Bhavan, Medchal Road,
 Jeedimetla, Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh-500055 (hereinafter referred to as OMI-I)




Figure 3: FC6 return of Operation Mobilisation India, H. No.2-2-96, Jeedimetla Village,Quthubullapur Mandal, Rangareddy District, Andhra Pradesh - 500055 (hereinafter referred to as OMI-II)


Figure 1 is a part of the 2012-2013 FC6 return of Anbarin Oozhaim (it should have been Oozhiam, which in Tamil could mean "in the service of", but I have faithfully reproduced the typo as seen from the return). Inside the red box, you see that the Nature of this Association is "Social" and the organization declares itself to be a religious association whose denomination is "Christian".

Figure 2 is a part of the 2012-2013 FC6 return of Operation Mobilisation India (to be referred to as OMI-I, hereafter), an organization which had figured in my reverse analysis blogpost here. Notice that it is located in Logos Bhavan, Jeedimetla, Secunderabad with Pincode 500055. It too declares its nature to be "Social" and religious denomination to be "Christian".

Figure 3 is a part of the 2012-2013 FC6 return of Operation Mobilisation India (to be referred to as OMI-II, hereafter), a technically different organization with a different FCRA registration than the one shown in Figure 2. It too figured in my reverse analysis blogpost here. Notice that it is located in a slightly different address but in the same "village" -- Jeedimetla, Rangareddy District, and in the same Pincode, 500055. It too declares its nature to be "Social"; however, it does not mention any religion.

In the following analyses, I will exclude OMI-II, as it does not mention any religion. Only those Organizations which explicitly declare a religion are considered for the following analysis.

In a nutshell: World Vision of India, Chennai, which I notice to be quite familiar among people on the Internet, is not included in the following analysis as it does not call itself as belonging to any specific religious denomination, as per its FC6 return. Similarly, other Organizations which do not declare a religion are discarded in the following analysis.

22044 organizations from 31 States have filed returns  so far for 2011-12. 19809 Organizations from this set are located in just 20 States which are of interest to us. Among them, 4855  of them have declared their religious denomination. Here is the state-wise split-up:

Table 1: Total number of Organizations in each State according to their denomination, in case they declare themselves as religious, in the year 2011-2012
State\Religion Christian Hindu Muslim Buddhist Sikh Total No. of Orgs
KL 933 13 57 0 0 1645
TN 663 43 9 2 0 3285
AP 600 20 6 1 0 2491
KA 565 36 6 21 0 1621
MH 302 27 31 9 3 2003
WB 212 104 43 10 0 2043
UP 149 32 30 3 0 1214
MP 132 10 2 0 0 466
DL 128 11 7 3 0 1408
AS 103 4 1 0 0 258
OR 98 14 0 1 0 1311
ML 84 3 0 0 0 133
MN 49 4 0 0 0 283
PJ 45 0 1 0 6 133
BH 45 8 11 13 0 835
UK 31 17 0 7 0 280
HR 20 0 1 0 0 112
RJ 18 6 3 0 0 433
MZ 13 0 0 0 0 30
HP 3 0 1 21 1 111
Total 4193 352 209 91 10 19809


The last column is the total number of Organizations (those who have declared themselves as religious or not) who have filed FC6 returns from a given State.
 
Note that as we have seen above, two Organizations (OMI-I and OMI-II) having identical names and located in the same village and having a large number of commonality among their foreign donors have different profiles: One of them declares itself as Christian while another does not mention anything.

As for myself, I always go by the profile of the foreign Donor(s) to understand the profile of a NGO. I will leave it to you to decide for yourselves.

However, we have to remember the fact that some religiously motivated NGOs and whose foreign donors are likewise religiously motivated, may not call themselves as religious in their FC6 return.

Having said that, let us go strictly with the data at hand. Let us proceed forward and analyze the funds received by these Organizations who have declared themselves as religious in nature.

Table 2: Total foreign funds (in Crores of Rupees) received by Organizations in each State according to their denomination, in case they declare themselves as religious, in the year 2011-2012
State\Religion Christian Hindu Muslim Buddhist Sikh Total Funds Rcvd (Crore)
KL 711.87 1.13 41.10 0.00 0.00 1029.42
TN 453.07 26.24 1.95 0.30 0.00 1693.62
KA 450.92 26.68 4.80 19.01 0.00 1091.91
AP 442.31 1.73 4.40 0.00 0.00 1249.40
DL 309.84 37.95 1.02 0.03 0.00 2232.35
WB 225.22 35.09 0.33 5.17 0.00 720.41
MH 158.31 17.60 74.59 0.76 1.68 1077.20
MP 89.83 1.27 0.00 0.00 0.00 154.37
BH 78.62 0.33 0.34 6.96 0.00 174.40
OR 71.62 0.24 0.00 0.59 0.00 239.02
AS 62.02 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 120.38
UP 61.42 22.38 5.69 0.38 0.00 254.41
PJ 54.18 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.49 101.47
ML 39.72 0.69 0.00 0.00 0.00 52.78
MN 27.88 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 46.24
UK 15.28 9.73 0.00 19.21 0.00 119.33
HR 9.49 0.00 0.55 0.00 0.00 23.43
RJ 9.23 1.65 0.01 0.00 0.00 141.47
MZ 3.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.32
HP 0.23 0.00 0.08 83.98 2.35 125.04
Total 3274.34 182.86 134.87 136.38 4.52 10651.96


The last column is the total foreign funds received by Organizations in a given State and includes those who have declared themselves under a religious category or not).


Check: How do we know if the above are correct?  You can go to http://fcraonline.nic.in/fc3_amount.aspx and select 2011-2012 and Uttarakhand (for example) as options. Seven organizations in that State have stated themselves as Buddhist. Foreign funds received by them are given below (if you click on the name of an Organization, it will take you to the FC6 return filed by it):

Table 3: Foreign funds (in Crores of Rupees) received by Organizations in Uttarakhand who have declared their religion as Buddhist in their FC6 return, in the year 2011-2012
Buddhist Org in Uttarakhand Foreign funds in 2011-12 (Crore)
Tibetan Homes Foundation 14.72
Sakya Centre 1.37
Drikung Kagyu Institute 1.26
Ngor Pal 0.12
Neo Tibetan Childrens Home 0.13
Nyimgmpa Mahabodhi Charitable Society 1.6
Gongkar Choede Monastry 0.01
Total 19.21

So, the total amount obtained here (19.21 Crore) tallies with what is provided in Table 2.


Conclusions: Why state the obvious? Take a look again at Tables 1 and 2.

Acknowledgements: All the data (FC6 returns) have been sourced from the publicly available data at mha1.nic.in/fcra.htm. I thank them for providing the data.

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