Wednesday, 15 February 2017

Top FCRA-NGOs in Assam: For Whom The Bell Tolls?


In this short Post, we shall get introduced to the top 25 FCRA-NGOs in Assam. The data is presented in a Table. The data is obtained from the FCRA website of Ministry of Home Affairs. They are acknowledged. A friendly tweeple is also acknowledged.
Firstly, the top-20 recipients for the years 2015-16 and 2014-15 were enumerated. These were later merged to constitute the 25 FCRA-NGOs listed here.

The Table has three columns corresponding to each year.

  • ‘Foreign Direct’  - Amount received directly from abroad in that year.
  • ‘Previous Unspent’  - Foreign funds brought forward (unspent balance) from previous years 
  • ‘Interest earned’  - Amount of money earned by way of interest from Bank Fixed Deposit etc.
Colour Code: Blue stands for Christian entities, Yellow-Green for Muslim entities, saffron for Hindu entities and white for non-religious (note that I do not intently use the word ‘secular’ as it originates from Christian reformation) entities. Rather than rely upon stated purposes and nature of the organization, we prefered to identify the religious nature of organization based on the religious affiliation of both recipient and foreign donor(s).
Interestingly, none of the top 25 FCRA-NGO recipients seemed to be explicitly Hindu in nature, nor were their donors.

Observations:

  • There are about 400 FCRA-NGOs in Assam, out of which around 240 file annual returns.
  • 230 FCRA-NGOs have filed annual return as of today. The sum of ‘Foreign Direct’, ‘Previous Unspent’ and ‘Interest earned’ of these FCRA-NGOs of Assam in 2015-16 is Rs. 218 Crore (as of February 15, 2017). You can consider this amount as a Normalization factor.
  • The same sum for the top-25 FCRA-NGOs in the Table is Rs. 134 Crore. Thus, the present List constitutes 60% (134 divided by 218) of foreign funding to Assam FCRA-NGOs and is thus ‘representative’ of FCRA landscape in Assam.
  • For the ‘Blue Coloured’ FCRA-NGOs in the Table alone, this sum is Rs. 103 Crore. Thus, out of the Rs. 134 Crore reported in this Table, Rs. 103 Crore, i.e., 77% flow into NGOs which are Christian in nature. Given the representative nature of this List, the same percentage can be assumed to hold good if one were to identify the religious nature of all the FCRA-NGOs in Assam.
  • Money received from other FCRA-NGOs within India by these 25 Assam FCRA-NGOs are not provided in this Table.
  • This Table lists only those top FCRA-NGOs which are registered in Assam. However, many FCRA-NGOs who are registered elsewhere "work" in Assam as well. See for instance, this Post on World Vision or this one on Compassion East India.
  • A few Muslim FCRA-NGOs are also seen, earning about Rs 8.6 crores in 2015. Interestingly, they seem to have obtained FCRA status within the last 2-3 years. One of them in particular, Markazul Maarif, does not declare any Bank interest.
  • All the FCRA returns for 2015-16 are in FC4 format and for 2013-14 are in FC6 format. However, in 2014-15, some of the FCRA-NGOs have filed FC6 and some others FC4. Adequate care has been taken to handle these distinctly, as per this Post.
  • In each year, the unspent balance is nearly equal to the total amount received from abroad directly,  i.e., FCRA-NGOs have accumulated an year’s remittance in their Banks. The same observation for all FCRA-NGOs in India was deduced earlier here using indirect methods.
Conclusions: Is it necessary?


Table of Top 25 FCRA-NGOs in Assam and their foreign funds (in Rs. Crore)
FCRA-NGO Reg No. Foreign Direct 2015 Previous Unspent 2015 Interest earned 2015 Foreign Direct 2014 Previous Unspent 2014 Interest earned 2014 Foreign Direct 2013 Previous Unspent 2013 Interest Earned 2013
Archdiocese of Guwahati 20780031 7.2 9.5 0.6 11.3 3.8 0.5 5.1 3.6 0.2
Don Bosco Society 20780105 7.5 8.6 0.09 4.4 14.3 2.2 1.8 18 0.4
Diocese of Diphu 20800001 3.4 4.9 1.4 3.8 4.8 0.6 2.8 3.6 0.04
Diocese of Tezpur 20740003 3.3 4.4 0.6 3.5 4.5 0.3 3.3 4.1 0.3
Purvodaya Seva Samaj 20620013 2.6 4 0.2 3.7 1.8 0.2 2 1.2 0.05
St. Francis de Sales Society 20780003 5.4 0.9 0.05 5.6 0.4 0.04 4.6 0.3 0.04
Xaviers 20620014 2.9 2.4 0.3 2.2 4.4 0.3 4.3 2.9 0.3
Snehalaya 20780103 1.2 0.8 0.07 0.8 0.3 0.03 0.5 0.2 0.01
North East Diocesan Social Service Society 20780045 2.7 0.8 0.03 2.6 1.4 0.04 4.3 0.4 0.05
North Bank Baptist Medical Association 20740009 2.2 1.3 0.13 0.3 1.4 0.1 0.03 0.5 0.04
Diocese of Bongaigaon 20730002 2.2 1.3 0.1 1.4 5.3 0.5 2.6 0.8 0.1
Diocese of Dibrugarh 20750005 3.7 0.6 0.03 3.6 0.6 0.01 2.2 0.9 0.06
Salesian Sisters of North East India 20780067 1.5 1.7 0.03 3.9 1.6 0.07 4 0.7 0.02
Jirsong Asong 20800007 1.4 0.7 0 1.7 1 0.05 2.5 0.7 0.03
Don Bosco Youth Mission & Education Services 20780043 1.3 0.6 0.02 2.5 0.1 0.03 1.5 0.06 0.06
Diocese of Silchar 20720002 2.5 5 0.7 1.4 5.3 0.5 2.7 4.9 0.3
Markazul Maarif 20820031 2.9 1 0 2.5 1.2 0 - - -
Ajmal Foundation 20820057 2.3 1.2 0.04 5.2 1 0.07 - - -
Anfar Foundation 20820055 0.7 0.4 0.04 3 0 0.05 3 0 0.02
Wildlife Areas Devel & Welfare Trust 20780050 1.8 3.3 0.04 - - - 1 2.9 0.06
Aaranyak 20780080 6.8 3 0.5 4.1 2.1 0.2 4.8 0.9 0.1
Rashtriya Gramin Vikas Nidhi 20780033 1.5 0.8 0 1.7 0.4 0 2.7 0.4 0
North East Network 20840010 1.1 2.5 0.2 1.3 2.2 0.2 1.3 1.9 0.1
Ajagar Social Circle 20760016 0.9 0.04 0 3.3 0 0 1.1 0.2 0







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